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Drijvende Krachten Gentrification Julia Sipkema en Anne Kempers

Mattermap door Anne Kempers 14 mei 2018

Welke drijvende krachten hebben invloed op gentrification?

  • Demografische verandering

    • From the 1970s onwards in Anglo- American cities, households had less children (in part due to the birth control pill), marriage was increasingly delayed or in some cases not undertaken at all, non- traditional gay and straight partnerships were undertaken in public view, and women entered the workforce in increasing numbers. Significantly the number of professional dual-career households increased and the central city provided them and other non-traditional households with the structures that would enable them to undertake the everyday tasks of social reproduction. ...»
      Lees (2014) Bron:
  • Economie

    • Changes in the knowledge base of the economy and society caused R&D (research and design) to become more important and there was increased concern with technological change and the associated advent of advanced information systems and intellectual technol- ogy. ...»
      Lees (2014) Bron:
    • The rent-gap theorie
      Als er te weinig in oude centraal gelegen buurten wordt geïnvesteerd, dan groeit het investering potentieel en dit leidt tot de verkoop en renovatie van woningen. Op den duur heef
      t dit gentrification tot gevolg. ...»
      Eigen interpretatie hoorcollege 13 Bron:
  • Klassenvorming

    • The New Middle Class and the Remaking of the Central City, examines the creation and self-creation of a 'new' middle class of professional and managerial workers associated with the process of gentrification. Investigating the social history and cultural politics of pioneer gentrifiers, Ley identifies a 'new cultural class' that emerges during the transformation to a postmodern, post-industrial society; a class inspired by counter-cultural youth movements; a class that sees the inner city as an oppositional space to the con- formism of the suburbs. ...»
      Lees (2014) Bron:
    • Verdringing door gentrificatie blijft dan wel beperkt in Nederlandse steden, uitsluiting door gentrificatie is aan de orde van de dag.
      Hochstenbach (2017) Bron:
    • Door gentrificatie worden woningen nadat ze vrijkomen vaak onbetaalbaar. Sociale huurhuizen worden verkocht aan de hoogste bieder of verhuurd tegen de hoge marktprijs. De toegankelijkheid van de betaalbare huursector gaat zienderogen achteruit. ...»
      Hochstenbach (2017) Bron:
    • Gentrification is een proces dat bestaat uit drie fases. Eerst komen de kunstenaars, homo's en studenten naar een goedkope, centraal gelegen wijk. Door de komst van deze individuen stijgt de wijk in status. Hierdoor stijgen de huizenprijzen in de wijk en worden de kunstenaars, homo's en studenten verdreven door de hoogopgeleide middenklasse die graag in de wijk wil wonen. Vervolgens stijgen de huizenprijzen in de wijk verder en wordt de hoogopgeleide middenklasse verdreven door de komst van de managers en de professionals. ...»
      Eigen intrepretatie gentrification Bron:
  • Staat en Maakbare Samenleving

    • In He's (2007) account the state is the instigator of gentrification as they consider low-rise traditional houses built pre-communism and declining workers' villages, factories and ware- houses built in the socialist period to be inappropriate for a global city image. ...»
      Lees (2014) Bron:
    • They show how the neoliberal state followed the lead of market forces (led in turn by the new global urbanism that Smith
      (2002) discusses) and assigned residential buildings in the neighbourhood of Os
      tozhenka, in central Moscow, for demolition, due to their 'state of disrepair', and thus the households in them for resettlement (that is, immediate displacement). ...»
      Lees (2014) Bron:
    • Florida's creative city thesis argues that cities and regions can no longer compete economically by attracting companies or by developing mega projects like sports stadiums and downtown development districts, rather, to capitalize on the new economy, policy-makers must attract the 'creative class', that is gays, youth, bohemians, professors, scientists, artists, entrepreneurs, and so on ...»
      Lees (2014) Bron:

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