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Week 9 Stedelijke Dynamiek

Mattermap door Rogier Meijer 14 mei 2018

Wat zijn de drijvende krachten van Economie

  • Economie

    • "Perroux developed his theory of the Growth Pole on his profound
      understanding of the works of the great Austro-Cerrnan-Arnerican economist
      Joseph Schumpeter, and in particular on the Schumpeterian co
      ncept of
      innovation. That concept in turn was virtually inseparable from Schumpeter's
      proposition that capitalist history was marked, indeed dominated, by fiftyfive-year-long
      waves which carried the system from big boom to deep
      depression and back to boom again: a notion that has evoked fierce
      controversy both at the rime, and subsequently."
      ...»
      Peter Hall Bron: The Innovative Milieu 01/01/1970
    • Schumpeter borrowed his concept of long business cycles, or waves from the early Soviet economist Nikolai Kondratieff, who had argued from a Marxist standpoint that in the modern world the falling rate of profit has operated with special force approximately every fifty-five years, producin a periodic major crisis in the capitalist system. This, he said, is because the possibilities of a given generation of technologies had become exhausted. ...»
      Peter Hall Bron: The Innovative Milieu 01/01/1970
    • Grocery stores and takeout delis, dry cleaners, hair salons: clustered together, local shops make urban life possible by offering city dwellers a convenient place to get the goods and services they need to survive. But local shops also make city life sociable. Think about cafés, bars, barber shops, and nail salons: people spend time in these places, exchanging gossip and news, or maybe just saying "good morning"when they buy a cup of coffee, making a momentary connection to both the wider world and their home community. Both inside the store and outside in the street, local shops sustain social interaction. ...»
      Zukin et al Bron: Spaces of everyday diversity: The patchwork ecosystem of local shopping streets 14/05/2018
    • But technology has shifted many kinds of consumption away from human interaction in brick-and-mortar stores. While online companies like Amazon and Apple have expanded from selling books and computers to music, groceries, and household appliances, shoppers have also got used to buying more individualized items like clothes and shoes from retail websites. In Brooklyn, young professionals use apps to order laundry service instead of taking their wash to the local laundromat. ...»
      Zukin et al Bron: Spaces of Everyday Diversity The Patchwork Ecosystem of Local Shopping Streets 14/05/2018
  • Demografische verandering

    • Demographic changes in the surrounding residential neighborhood
      may create a business opportunity for immigrant merchants to provide both
      products from "back home" and the things a growing migrant com
      munity
      needs to survive in the new land. Over time a concentration of such businesses
      may reshape the habitus of local shopping streets, making it noticeably more
      "global:' or making it global in different ways.
      ...»
      Zukin et al Bron: Spaces of Everyday Diversity The Patchwork Ecosystem of Local Shopping Streets 14/05/2018
  • Staat

  • Maakbare samenleving

  • Klassevorming

    • The story of deindustrialiszatiom was repeated not only in the United States but also across Europe. Firms and factories in various cities were no longer able to sustain their profits from local labor and thus were compelled to move their plants and production sites abroad. As they move out, they left ebhind a city and many thousands of residents who would eventually become distute and impoverished. ...»
      Chen et al Bron: introduction to cities 14/05/2018

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